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色纺纱生产前的调色、配色与对色相关技术探析

163彩票FABURIQI:2020-09-09 16:05

1 色纺纱调色、配色与对色的目的及其重要性

163彩票SEFANGSHAQUBIERANSESHA(PIAORANSHA)DEHEXINJINGZHENGLI,ZAIYUBUTONGYANSEDEXIANWEIHUNHEHOUCHANSHENGDEHUASEXIAOYING。TABA“SE”DEGAINIANRONGRUDAOZHENGGESHENGCHANZHONG,YINCIGAOHAODIAOSEPEISEYUDUISEGONGZUOJIUCHENGWEISHENGCHANSEFANGSHADEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。SEFANGSHACHANGDEDIAOSEPEISEBUTONGYURANSECHANGDEDIAOSEPEISE,SEFANGSHACHANGDEPEISETONGCHANGSHIZHIXUANQUYIXIEYOUSEXIANWEI,CHUDINGYIDINGBILI(PEIFANG)ZUOCHENGXIAOYANG,DADAOYUMUBIAOYANGPIN(BIAOYANG)JIBENXIANGSIDEGUOCHENG;SEFANGSHACHANGDEDIAOSETONGCHANGSHIZHIGENJUZUOCHULAIDEYANGPINYUBIAOYANGZHIJIANDEYANSECHAJU,DIAOZHENGGESEXIANWEIZHIJIANDEBILI(PEIFANG)ZAIJINXINGSHIYANG,ZHUBUJIEJINBIAOYANGYANSEDEGUOCHENG。

CONGSHIPEISEDIAOSEGONGZUODERENYUANDOUYOUTONGYANGDEGANSHOU,DUISESHIDACHUDEXIAOYANGYUBIAOYANGDEYANSEZHINENGZUODAOXIANGJINHUOWUXIANJIEJIN,SEGUANGZUODAOYIMOYIYANGSHIWANQUANBUKENENGDE[1],JISHISHITONGPIYUANLIAOQIANHOUERCITOULIAOSHENGCHAN,YANSEYEHUIYOUYIDINGCHAYI,DANCHAYIYOUDUODANI?KAORENGONGMUCENANYILIANGHUA,ZHEISHIMUQIANPEISEDIAOSEDENANDIANSUOZAI。SHIFOUNENGDADAOKEHUYAOQIU,YINMUQIANSHANGWULIANGHUADEBIAOZHUN,ZHINENGSHUOYUEJIEJINYUEHAO。ZAISHIJIDUISECAOZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,SHENGCHANQIYERUBUNENGJISHIGENJUKEHULAIYANGZUOHAODIAOPEISEYUDAHAOXIAOYANG,JIUHUIYINGXIANGTOULIAOSHENGCHANYUJIAOHUOJINDU,YINCIZUOHAOSHENGCHANQIANDEDIAOPEISEYUDAHAOXIAOYANGDUIHAOSESHIYIXIANGSHIFENZHONGYAODEZHUNBEIGONGZUO。

CIWAI,ZAISEFANGSHAYANSEKAIFAGUOCHENGZHONG,DIAOSEYUPEISEHAISHIYIXIANGCHUANGXINXINGGONGZUO。FUZHUANGXINGYEMEINIANDOUHUITUICHUBUTONGDELIUXINGSEQUSHI,GUONEIDAXINGSEFANGSHAQIYEYEHUIDINGQIFABUSEFANGSHADELIUXINGSEQUSHI。RUGUOSEFANGSHASHENGCHANQIYENENGJINGENSEFANGSHALIUXINGQUSHI,ZUOHAOXUANSEYUDIAOPEISEGONGZUO,DIAOSE、PEISERENYUANNENGJISHIZHUAZHULIUXINGSEDEYAOSU,DIAOPEICHULINGKEHUMANYIDESECAI,JIANGHUIJIQIYEDAILAILIRUNKONGJIANDETIGAO。

CONGSHANGSHUFENXIKEZHI,ZUOHAOSEFANGSHASHENGCHANQIANDEDIAOSEPEISEYUDUISEDAYANGGONGZUOJIZAISEFANGSHASHENGCHANZHONGSUOJUZHONGYAODIWEI。GUGUONEISEFANGSHASHENGCHANDEGUGANQIYERUZHEJIANGSHENGDEHUAFU、BAILONG,SHANDONGSHENGDERUYIJITUANDENGDOUSHIFENZHONGSHIZHEIXIANGGONGZUO[2],PEIBEIXIANJINDEDIAOPEISEYUDUISESHEBEIYIQIJIZHUANYEDEDIAOPEISEYUDAYANGDUIRENYUAN,SHEZHIZHUANMENDEDAYANGCHEJIAN,YIQUEBAODIAOPEISEYUDAYANGDUISEGONGZUOZHUNQUE、JISHIWUCHACUO。DUIYANSEPANDUANZHUNQUE,MIAOSHUZHUNQUE,PEIDUIZHUNQUE,ZESEFANGSHASHENGCHANZHONGYIDABANDEJISHUNANTIYIJINGJIEJUE。


2 色纺纱的调色与配色原理

2.1 YANSESANYAOSU

SEFANGSHASHENGCHANYAOZHONGSHIZUOHAO“SE”DEWENZHANG,YEJIUSHIXIANWEIRANSESELAODUYAOHAO,PICIJIANYANSEYAOWENDINGYIZHI,RANCHUDEYANSEYAOJINGDESHISHANG。ERYAOZUODAO“LAO、ZHUN、HAO”DEYAOQIU,PEISEYUDIAOSESHISEFANGSHASHENGCHANDEZHONGYAOQIANTI。ERDIAOPEISEDEGUANJIANSHIYAODUIGEZHONGYOUSEXIANWEISECAIDEZHENGQUEPANDING。SUIRANDIAOPEISEDEFANGFAYOUDUOZHONG,DANQIGUILVSHIXIANGTONGDE,JITONGGUOSEXIANG、MINGDU、CHUNDUSANZHEZHIJIANDEZONGHEXINGDEDUIBIYUDIAOHEDEYUNYONG[3]。

SANYAOSUSHIXIANGHULIANXIDE,SEXIANGJUEDINGYANSEDEZHI,ERLIANGDUHECHUNDUBIAOSHIDESHILIANGDEBIANHUA,RENHEYANSEZHIYAOQUEDINGLETADESEXIANG、CHUNDUHELIANGDU,JIUKEYIJINGQUEDEQUEDINGTASHISHENMESE,TANGRUOYANSESANGEYAOSUZHONGYIGEYAOSUBIANHUALE,NEIMEZHEIGEYANSEYEJIUBIANHUALE。

163彩票2.2 SECAIDEDUIBICUOSHI

163彩票YOUYUHUANJINGDEBUTONGJISHIJUESHANGDECHAYI,DIAOSE、PEISERENYUANDUIGUANCHADEWUTIJINGCHANGHUIFASHENGCUOSHIBINGZUOCHUCUOWUDEPANDUAN。YINCIZAIDIAOSEYUPEISESHI,YINGKAOLVDUISECAICUOSHIYINSU。CUOSHIYOULIANGZHONGXIANXIANG,YIZHONGSHIDUIBICUOSHIXIANXIANG,ZAIGUANCHALIANGZHONGJIYISHANGBUTONGDEBINGLIESESHI,HUIFAXIANBINGLIESEZHIJIANSEXIANG、MINGDUHUOCHUNDUFASHENGBIANHUA,YIGEYANSEDESANYAOSUDEBIANHUA,ZAIERGESESHANGTONGSHIXIANSHICHULAI,CONGERCHANSHENGTONGSHIDUIBICUOSHIXIANXIANG。LINGYIZHONGSHILIANXUDUIBICUOSHIXIANXIANG,SHIXIANDUIYIZHONGYANSEZHUSHIPIANKEHOU,XUNSUBASHIXIANZHUANYIDAOLINGYIZHONGYANSE,ZEGANDAOGAISEBIANDELVEDAIXIANJIANMOUSEDEBUSE,JIXIANKANHONGSEHOUZAIKANHUANGSE,ZEHUANGSEBIANCHENGHUANGLVSE,ZHEIJIUSHILIANXUDUIBICUOSHI,SHIYOUYUSHIJUESHENGLIPILAOSUOYINQI。

YOUYUMUQIANZAISEFANGSHASHENGCHANZHONGDUOSHUQIYEHAISHIYILAIRENGONGSHILILAIJINXINGDIAOSE、PEISEYUDUISEGONGZUO,DUISECAIPANDUANDECUOSHISHANGWUFABIMIAN,GUYAOTIGAODIAOSE、PEISEDEJINGDUYUKEXUEXING,QIFAZHANFANGXIANGSHICAIYONGJISUANJIPEISEXITONG[4],KEKUAISUTIGONGDUOZHONGPEISEFANGAN,TIGAOPEISEXIAOLVYUSHICHANGFANYINGNENGLI,JIANGDIDUIPEISERENYUANJINGYANDEYILAIXING。


3 色纺纱打样与对色的程序与方法

163彩票3.1 SEFANGSHADAYANGYUDUISEDEMUDE

SEFANGSHADAYANGSHIJIANGBUTONGYANSEDEXIANWEIYUANLIAO,GENJUSHEJIYANGHUOKEHULAIYANGANYIDINGBILIHUNHEDIAOPEIHOU,ZAIANYIDINGDEFANGSHAGONGYILIUCHENGFANGZHICHUSHAXIANXIAOYANG,ZUIHOUTONGGUOZHIJIZHICHUPIBU(XIAOYANG),FANGBIANYUSHEJIYANG、KEHULAIYANGDUIBIPINGDING,RUYOUCHAYIZAITONGGUOPEISELAIDIAOZHENG,ZHIDAOXIANGFUWEIZHI。YINCI,FANGSHADAYANGYUDUISEDEMUDESHIZHITONGGUOYUSHEJIYANGHUOKEHULAIYANGJINXINGDUIBI、PINGDINGYANSEYUMUBIAOSESHIFOUXIANGFU,BINGGUANCHASHAXIANDEZHILIANGSHIFOUNENGMANZUSHEJIYUKEHUDEYAOQIU,JIANSHAOMANGMUSHENGCHANDAILAIDEYUANLIAOYUSHENGCHANLANGFEI,CONGERSHIXIANCHENGBENDEKONGZHIYUSHENGCHANXIAOLVDETIGAO。

3.2 SEFANGSHADAYANGYUDUISEDECHENGXU

3.2.1 PEI SE

SEFANGSHADAYANGZHIQIANBIXUWANCHENGPEISEGONGZUO,PEISEYOUANSEKAPEISEYUANKEHULAIYANGPEISELIANGZHONG[5]。

a)ANSEKAPEISEJIAOJIANDANFANGBIAN,YINWEIDUOSHUSEFANGSHASHENGCHANQIYE,TONGGUOJIAOZHANGSHIJIANSHENGCHANDOUJILEILEYIDINGKEYONGLAIPEISEDESHUJUKU,BINGJIANLIGEZHONGSEKADANGAN,KEHUZHIYAOGENJUSEKAQUEDINGSEHAO,JIUKEANSEBISHENGCHANCHUKEHUYAOQIUDEXIAOYANG,FANGBIANRANGKEHUQUERENDUISE。

b)ANKEHULAIYANGPEISEJIUBIJIAOFUZA,WANGWANGBUYIDINGNENGCONGSEKASHANGZHAODAOXIANGTONGDESEHAO。GUBIXUXIANYAODUIKEHULAIYANGJINXINGZIXIFENXI。RULAIYANGSHISHAXIAN,YAOXIANCHAICHENGSANXIANWEI,BINGFENXIYOUJIZHONGSEXIANWEIZUCHENG。RULAIYANGSHISEZHIMIANLIAO,YAOXIANJIANGMIANLIAOZHIJIEFENJIECHENGSHAXIAN,ZAIJIANGSHAXIANFENJIECHENGXIANWEI,RANHOUQUEDINGQIXIANWEIDEZUFENYUYANSE,RUGUOFENJIEHOUDEGEZHONGSEXIANWEIZAIXIANYOUPEISEKUYIYOU,JIUKEZHIJIEQULAIPEISE;RUOMEIYOU,JIUXUXIANJINXINGXIANWEIRANSE,XIANWEIRANSESHIYAOZHUYIDESHISEGUANGYULAIYANGSEGUANGYIZHI。ZAISEFANGSHASHENGCHANZHONGPEISEBILIJIUSHIGEZHONGSEXIANWEIZUFENYUZHENGGEPEISEZUFENDEGANZHONGBAIFENBI,YEKECHENGWEISHIYIZHONGFENSECHENGZHONGFAPEISE。

PEISEYUDIAOSESHIYIXIANGJISHUXINGJIAOQIANGDEGONGZUO,XUYAOBUDUANDIJILEIJINGYAN,YOUQISHICONGSHIDIAOSEPEISERENYUANMUGUANGDEXIAOZHENGYUTONGYI,DUIZUOHAODIAOPEISEGONGZUOZHIGUANZHONGYAO。

3.2.2 DA YANG

DAYANGSHIZAIDIAOPEISEJIBENWANCHENGDEJICHUSHANGJINXING,TONGCHANGYOUDAXIAOYANG、DAZHONGSHIYANGYUDASHENGCHANYANGDENG3ZHONG。

a)DAXIAOYANGSHIJIANGGEZHONGBUTONGYANSEDEXIANWEIYUANLIAO,ANYIDINGBILICHENGZHUNPEICHENGYIDINGZHILIANG(YIBANWEI100 g)SISONGHOUZHUCENGPUKAI、JUNYUNHOU,ANYIDINGDEGONGYISHANGCHEFANGCHENGSUOYAOQIUDESHAYANG,RANHOUZAIYUANJISHANGZHICHENGZHANGYUE30 cmHANBUYUBIAOZHUNYANGDUIZHAO,BINGXUFANFUDIAOZHENGDUOCI,QUEBAODADAOYUBIAOZHUNYANGSEGUANGDUIZHAO4JIYISHANG。DAXIAOYANGYINTOURUXIANWEIYUANLIAOHENSHAO,YAOJINGGENGXIZUO,GUDAXIAOYANGGUOCHENGZHONGBIXUYAOQIUCAOZUORENYUANGUIFANCAOZUOCHENGXU,BAOKUOCHENGLIAO、SILIAO、HUNLIAO、WEILIAO、QINGLI、FANGSHAZHIBU(BIAOYANG)DENG,DACHUXIAOYANGJINLIANGNENGDADAOSHEJIYAOQIU。

b)DAZHONGSHIYANGSHIANTOULIAOBILICHENGLIANGGEZHONGYANSEXIANWEI1 kg,JINGSHOUGONGSISONGHOUCONGSHUMIANJIHOUBUYONGRENGONGWEIRUZHICHENGSHENGTIAO,RANHOUZAIBINGTIAOJISHANGJINGDUOCIBINGHEZHICHENGSHUTIAO,ZUIHOUJIANGSHUTIAOJINGGUOCUSHAHUOZHIJIEWEIRUFANGSHAJIFANGCHENGSHAYANG,NENGKUAISUFANYINGSHIFANGYANGPINYUSHEJIYANGHUOKEHULAIYANGDEZHIJIECHAYI,HAOSHIDUAN、XIAOLVGAO,YIBANZAIDAYANGCHEJIANSHIFANGJITAISHANGJINXING。

c)DASHENGCHANYANGSHIZHIZAISHENGCHANCHEJIANLIYONGXIANYOUDEFANGSHASHEBEI(ERFEIXIAOYANGJI)CAIYONGZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANSHIDESUOYOUCAOZUOFANGFAHEGONGYISHEDINGFANGZHISHENGCHANYANGSHA,ZUOWEISHENGCHANQIANDEDAYANG。WEILEHUODEJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDESHENGCHANYANG,TOULIAODESHULIANGYAODUOBINGYAOGUIFANCAOZUO。DASHENGCHANYANGZUIGUANJIANDESHIHUNMIANYUBINGTIAODEHUNSEDEJUNYUNXING,XUYAOTONGGUODUOCISHIYANHOUQUEDINGZUIJIAFANGAN。RUHUNMIANGONGXUMUQIANYOURENGONGHUNMIAN,ZHUANYONGJIQIHUNMIANJIJINGGUOERDAOQINGHUASHEBEIDENGHUNMIANFANGFA,GEYOUYOUQUEDIAN。YINGGENJUSHENGCHANPINZHONG、SHEBEIJICHANGSUOQINGKUANGLAICAIYONGBUTONGDEHUNMIANFANGFA。

DASHENGCHANYANGGUOCHENGXUTEBIEZHUYILIANGGEZHILIANGKONGZHIDIAN:YISHIHUNMIANHOUHUNMIANDEZHILIANG,RUYUANLIAOYANSEPEIBI、HUNHEDEJUNYUNXINGDENG,GUBIXUYOUZHUANRENYANGEJIANYANBAGUAN。ERSHIZAIMODAOBINGTIAOJISHENGCHANDETIAOZIYAOJIBENSHANGFANYINGCHUZUIZHONGSHAXIANDEYANSE,CHULEFANGSHAGONGXUSHAXIANHAOSHU,NIANDUDEWEIDIAOHUIQINGWEIYINGXIANGYANSEWAI,QITAYINSUKEHULVEBUJI。

3.2.3 DUI SE

DUISESHISEFANGSHAPILIANGSHENGCHANQIANDEZUIHOUYIDAOCHENGXU。ZAIWANCHENGSHENGCHANYANGSHASHIZHIHOU,BIXUDUIYANGSHAZUOHAODUISEGONGZUO,YIZHUNQUEBIAODACHUPILIANGSHENGCHANDESEFANGSHAYINGJUYOUDEYANSE。DUISEYINGGENJUSEGUANGPINGDINGTIAOJIAN,JIEHESEGUANGPINGDINGSHICUOSHIYINGXIANGYINSULAIPINGDING,ZAISEGUANGPINGDINGZHONGYAOTEBIEGUANZHURUXIA4DIAN:

a)GENJUKEHUDEYAOQIUZHENGQUEXUANZEGUANGYUAN。

b)DUISESHIBIXUPINGSHIYANGPIN,KEJIANGYANGPINDIECHENG2CENGHUO4CENG,BIMIANYONGDANCENGDUISE。DUISESHIJINLIANGXUANZETONGPINZHONG、TONGHAOSHUSHAXIANDEBUYANG,BUTONGHAOSHUDESHAXIANYAOXUANZEBUTONGJIHAO(ZHENHAO)DEZHIJIZHIZAO,BINGSHIZHIWUBAOCHIYIDINGJINDUDUISE。

163彩票c)DUISESHIYAOJINLIANGJIANSHAODUIBICUOSHIDEYINGXIANG,XIANQUMINGDUDIDECHANPINDUISE,ZAIQUMINGDUGAODECHANPINDUISE,YIJIANSHAOLIANXUDUIBICUOSHIDEYINGXIANG。BINGZHUYIBUYANGZHENZHIWENLUYAOZAIXIANGTONGFANGXIANGFANGZHIDUIBISEGUANG,YIJIANSHAOTONGSHIDUIBICUOSHIDEYINGXIANG。

d)YAOZHONGSHIDUISESHISEGUANGJIANYANHUANJINGBUJU。JIANYANHUANJINGBAOKUOJIANYANSHIMIANJI,DUISEDELIANGDUYUFANGXIANG、SHINEIWENSHIDUKONGZHIJIDENGXIANGDEPEIZHIJIANFANGYAOQIUDENG。JIANYANSHIMIANJIYAODADAO20 m2ZUOYOU,JIANYANSHIWENSHIDUYUCHEJIANXIANGJIN。CAIGUANGFANGXIANGBIXUSHIBEIGUANGFANGXIANGBINGYAOQIUCAIGUANGCHUANGMIANJIDAYU2 m×1.5 m×2 m(ZHANG×KUAN×GAO)。AN2WANDINGXUPEI1TAIDENGXIANGLAIPEIZHIDENGXIANG。DENGXIANGYAOFANGZAIANSHILI,QIMIANJINENGRONGNA4RENYISHANGZHANLIGUANCHAFENXI。DENGXIANGXINGHAOYAOYOUTONGYIYAOQIU,OUZHOUBIAOZHUNWEIVeriVide CAC60DENGXIANG,MEIGUOBIAOZHUNYONGMacbethDENGXIANG,DENGXIANGFANGZHIGAODUWEI70~80 cm。

3.2.4 SEFANGSHAWAIGUANJIANYANBIAOZHUN

163彩票SEFANGSHAWAIGUANPINGDINGBAOKUOSEGUANGPINGDING、YANGBUDEWAIGUANPINGDING、SHAXIANWULIZHIBIAOPINGDINGJIZHONG。QIZHONGSEGUANGSECHAPINGDINGSHIZHONGDIAN,ZAIMUQIANSHANGWUKEXUEYIQILAIPINGDINGSHIYIMUGUANGWEIZHUN。YAOQIUMEIGENSHAXIANDESEGUANGZAIBIAOZHUNGUANGYUANXIANGYUBIAOYANGDESEGUANGJICHAZAI0.5JIJIYINEI,MAOSHANYONGGUXIANSEGUANGJICHAJIEJIN0JI。SEGUANGPINGDINGYOUYIWENDE,KEYONGMEINENGDASECHAJIHUOCE-7000AXINGCESEYILAICEDING。SEGUANGPINGDINGGENJUJIANCEDUSHUFENWEI3DANG,XIAOYUDENGYU0.5DANGWEIYOUDENG,JIXIANGDANGYUMUGUANGJIANYANSECHAXIAOYU0.5JI;XIAOYUDENGYU1.0DANGWEIHEGE,MUQIANXIANGDANGYUMUGUANGJIANYANSECHAWEI0.5JI;DAYU1.0DANGWEIBUHEGE,XIANGDANGYUMUGUANGJIANYANSECHADAYU0.5JI。

DIAOPEISE→DAYANG→DUISE→SEGUANGPINGDINGSHIYIXIANGSHIFENYANGEDEXITONGGONGCHENG,BIXUANGUIDINGCHENGXUGUIFANCAOZUO,CAINENGQUEBAOJINGDIAOPEISEHOUDACHUDESHAXIANYANGFUHESHEJIYANGHUOYONGHULAIYANGDEYAOQIU,WEIPILIANGTOULIAOSHENGCHANCHUANGZAOLIANGHAODETIAOJIAN。


4 结 语

SEFANGSHABA“SE”DEGAINIANRONGRUSHENGCHANQUANGUOCHENG,ZHEISHITAYUBENSESHASHENGCHANDEZUIDAQUBIE,YESHIQIHEXINJINGZHENGLISUOZAI。ERYAOSHENGCHANCHUSECAIJINGLI、SEZEJUNYUNDESHAXIAN,BIXUZAITOUCHANQIANZUOHAODIAOSEPEISEJIDAYANGDUISEDENGZHUNBEIGONGZUO,QUEBAOPILIANGSHENGCHANDESEFANGSHADADAOSHEJIHEYONGHUYAOQIU。ERYAOZUOHAODIAOPEISEYUDAYANGDUISEDENGZHUNBEIGONGZUO,BIXUYAOPEIZHIHAODIAOPEISEYUDAYANG、DUISEDENGSHEBEIYIQIYUGONGZUOCHANGSUO,BINGYAOXUANPEIPEIXUNYIPIJISHUHAO、ZERENXINQIANGDEJISHUGONGRENDUIWULAIZHUANYECONGSHIDIAOPEISE、DAXIAOYANGJIDUISEDENGGONGZUO,ZHIYOUBAZHEIJIXIANGSHENGCHANQIANDEZHUNBEIGONGZUOZUODAOWEI,CAINENGQUEBAOSHENGCHANDESHAXIANZHILIANGWENDING,YONGHUMANYI,SHICHANGSHANGJINGZHENGLIDEDAOZENGQIANG。




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